Common skin conditions on the foot

Foot sole conditions

Anhidrosis

Anhidrosis is the term used to describe dry feet. Some people suffer from an unusually dry skin that leaves the skin, flakey, peeling and thin. Some parts of the foot may thicken and crack. The heels are particularly prone to cracking which leads to fissures. These can be deep and bleed when they split.

Hyperhidrosis (sweaty feet)

Hyperhidrosis or sweaty feet has its origins for a variety of reasons. It manifests as excessive perspiration that can be a source of embarrassment for those that suffer as it often accompanied by foot odour.

Bromhidrosis – (smelly feet)

Bromhidrosis is where one has a problem with feet that tend to have an odour.

Tinea Pedis (athletes foot)

This condition manifests in a variety of ways often dependant on the type of fungi that is prevalent in the infection. The most common type of fungi is the Dermatophyte, it commonly shows as an infection between the toes, where there is a lot of moisture, splitting of the skin, smell and itchiness.

Verrucae Pedis (plantar warts)

This is a lesion that forms on the skin that occurs as a result of picking up the Human Papova Virus, (HPV). It can present as a single isolated lesion, multiple lesions, clusters, raized,  depending on the type of Virus that has taken hold. There are over 100 HPV viruses, and they can present in a number of ways.

Cracked heels

This is a frustrating condition that manifests as thick callus around the heels, when combined with dryness can crack and fissure, often splitting into the skin causing bleeding, and pain. It exists firstly because there is callus formation on the heels, but fissures do not necessarily occur just because of callus. If however the skin is dry, or has a fungal infection, the skin loses its suppleness and may then fissure.

Callus and corns

This is a condition that can afflict men and women although women have it more than men due to the types of footwear worn.

Dermatitis

Dermatitis is a reaction of the skin to a substance to which the body is allergic. Not all people will respond the same to the substances, some people develop a hypersensitivity to chemicals or organic substances called allergens. When exposed to these allergens, they develop an allergic reaction.

Blistering

Blistering is a common condition that occurs on the foot on various sites. It manifests as a result of a shearing stress on the foot that leads to a deep separation of the epidermis from the dermis leading to a fluid filled sack.

Foreign bodies

Occasionally we pick up a splinter, thorn or even worse a piece of glass in the foot. It can remain a source of irritation and sometimes infection, until it is cleared.

Diabetic foot

As a result of the loss of insulin production, and the potential for poorly controlled blood sugars, a diabetic can develop vascular and neurological damage which manifests in the feet as the Neuropathic Ischaemic foot.

Pressure ulcers

This type of ulcer generally occurs in elderly people that have neglected to maintain calluses and corns, or have tried to treat callus with corn plasters. as the callus thickens it adds to the trauma and  pressure on an area that may start to break down. If ignored, it will ulcerate. Poor circulation may reduce the potential to heal.