Common toenail conditions

Podiatrists treat lots of conditions that can affect toe nails. These are summarised below – click on the links to read more detail on each.

Perhaps the most common one is ingrown toenails, or properly called onychocryptosis. A similar condition is involuted nails (curved nails). These can happen at any stage of one’s life.

Another common condition involves the build up of callus on the sulci (onychophosis). The callus forms as a protective measure on the edge of the sulcus.

Some people suffer from onychauxic nails (thick toenails) which manifest as a nail that is thicker than normal. People find these nails difficult to clip as they are too thick.

A sub-ungual haematoma (black nail) can occur when a nail is traumatised by an isolated incident like dropping something on the toe.

Onychomycosis (nail fungal infection) is a common condition where the nail becomes discoloured, white, brown, black and streaky. It can become thickened, curved and ingrown as a consequence of fungal infection.

Onycholysis (lifting nail) appears as if the front part of the nail is no longer attached to the nail bed.

Beau’s Lines are faint ridges that run across the nail at intervals.

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