Stress Fractures can occur in many different sites on the foot and legs. The most common site is along the lower 1/3 of the Tibia. This often follows as a result of shin-splints that have not been managed correctly. When a sportsperson tries to “run-through” the problem.
Stress fractures are hairline cracks in the bone, that once they have occurred will not allow any further activity to take place as the pain will not allow any jarring on the leg. A common, simple test for a stress fractures is to jump on the spot on one leg, pain will manifest if the fracture exists.
A stress fracture cannot be adequately diagnosed with X-rays within the first three weeks, as it does not show up. Bone-Scan may be necessary to get an accurate diagnosis. It will show as “hot spots” on the scans.
Treatment on diagnosis will involve rest, as the bone would need to mend. If one is in training, non-weight bearing exercise will keep cardio-vascular fitness up, or running in the pool where the buoyancy assists the legs.
This will depend on the severity of the condition, it may be better just to lay off.
Biomechanical assessment to establish the reason why the leg is taking strain will assist in recovery, improving function can prevent a recurrence of the same condition once the person returns to activity.
Orthotics to assist the foot to function better will reduce the muscular stress on the area of the fracture, and will help quicker recovery.
Excessive Pronators, or those that strike excessively Supinated can be prone to this condition.