ITB is a common running injury that occurs on the lateral side of the knee. It occurs in long distance runners where repetition and over-use are the key factors. The pain is aggravated by running downhill and it gets worse as the run progresses to the point that the runner must stop.
There are a number of syndromes that surround the knee, one of the most common presented is inflammation of the Patellar Tendon, that can manifest at the base of the Patellar on the medial, lateral and centre, and along the tendon to its insertion with the Tibia.
This condition is similar in cause to Patellar Tendonitis as it involves a mal-tracking of the Patellae within the femoral groove. There is a slot or groove that the Patellae glides within. When it no longer sits correctly in its groove, it will start to shear against the femur. Eventually the cartilages will wear down, the patellar will have a rough sound on the knee, and when bending it can crackle.
This condition is common in older women as it often relates to collapsing of the arches. As the feet pronate excessively, the knees are forced into a knock knee position straining the Collateral ligament. The Medial Collateral Ligament on the inside of the knee is most commonly affected.
This is a common injury in sports that involve speed or sudden movements to speed. The stress placed on the Hamstring muscles is extremely high when one sprints from a stop position.
This is more common in women of middle age, who experience pain localised to the side of the thigh around the Greater Trochanter. This is the bone that protrudes on the side of the thigh.